مروری بر کاربردهای ترموگرافی در طب تصویری

نوع مقاله: مقاله علمی ترویجی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری مهندسی مکانیک، دانشگاه بیرجند، بیرجند

2 عضو هیأت علمی گروه مهندسی مکانیک، دانشگاه بیرجند، بیرجند

چکیده

با توجه به این‌که ابتلا به بسیاری از بیماری‌ها منجر به تغییر در دمای بافت هدف می‌شوند، لذا آگاهی از تغییرات دمایی بدن می‌تواند به تشخیص سریع و به موقع بیماری کمک کند. ترموگرافی یا تصویربرداری حرارتی با ثبت پرتوهای مادون قرمز ساطع‌شده از سطح پوست، بدون نیاز به تماس مستقیم با آن می‌تواند به عنوان ابزاری کارآمد در تشخیص بیماری‌ها مورد استفاده قرار گیرد. از آن‌جاکه دوربین‌های حرارتی هیچ گونه پرتویی از خود ساطع نمی‌کنند (روش غیرتهاجمی)، بنابراین بدون آسیب رساندن به بافت موردنظر، موقعیت و میزان تغییرات دمایی آن را گزارش می‌کنند. در سال‌های اخیر با ظهور دوربین‌های حرارتی پیشرفته‌، استفاده از آن در طب تصویری به عنوان روشی بی‌خطر برای تشخیص بیماری‌ها افزایش چشم‌گیری داشته است.

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