ساخت افزایشی و چاپ سه‌بعدی زیستی

نوع مقاله : مقاله ترویجی

نویسندگان

1 گروه مهندسی مکانیک، دانشکده مهندسی مکانیک و مواد، دانشگاه صنعتی بیرجند، بیرجند

2 گروه مهندسی مکانیک، دانشکده مهندسی، دانشگاه بیرجند، بیرجند

چکیده

ساخت افزودنی که به‌عنوان چاپ سه‌بعدی شناخته شده است، در بسیاری از زمینه‌ها مانند صنایع هوافضا، خودروسازی، زیست‌پزشکی، هنر دیجیتال، طراحی معماری و غیره نوآوری‌های اساسی را به‌دنبال داشته است. پیشرفت‌های اخیر چاپ سه‌بعدی استفاده از مواد زیست‌سازگار، سلول‌ها و اجزای پشتیبان را برای ایجاد بافت‌های پیچیده عملکردی سه‌بعدی محیا کرده است. تلاش‌های مهندسان بافت برای ایجاد ساختارهای با تقلید از ویژگی‌های بافت‌های بدن، باعث توسعه روشی نوین تحت عنوان چاپ سه‌بعدی زیستی شده است. در این روش به کمک رایانه و چاپگر سه‌بعدی توده‌های سلولی و همچنین بستر رشد در مکان دقیق از پیش طراحی شده به‌صورت لایه‌لایه روی هم قرار می‌گیرند. با توجه به پیشرفت‌های حاصل در این زمینه‌‌، این فناوری توانایی ساخت اعضای بدن و همچنین ساخت داربست‌های زیستی جهت کشت سلول زنده، را خواهد داشت. در این تحقیق مروری بر روش‌های ساخت افزایشی، روش‌های چاپ سه‌بعدی زیستی و مواد زیستی و انواع آن شده است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


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