مطالعه‌ای بر سیستم ذخیره‌سازی انرژی هوای فشرده

نوع مقاله: مقاله علمی ترویجی

نویسندگان

1 باشگاه پژوهشگران جوان و نخبگان، واحد علوم و تحقیقات، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران

2 استادیار، گروه مهندسی مکانیک، واحد تهران غرب، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران

چکیده

افزایش استفاده و به‌کارگیری سیستم‌‌های انرژی تجدیدپذیر به‌دلیل مداوم‌نبودن دسترسی به منابع تجدیدپذیر، نیازمند ذخیره‌‌سازی انرژی است. سیستم ذخیره‌سازی انرژی هوای فشرده یکی از سیستم‌های ذخیره‌سازی انرژی است که به‌علت مزایای متعدد آن در سال‌های اخیر بیش‌تر مورد‌توجه قرار گرفته است. در مقاله حاضر، ابتدا اهمیت و جایگاه سیستم ذخیره‌سازی انرژی هوای فشرده در مقایسه با دیگر سیستم‌‌های ذخیره‌‌سازی انرژی بررسی و سپس خلاصه‌‌ای از تاریخچه این سیستم بیان شد. در ادامه، انواع سیستم ذخیره‌سازی انرژی هوای فشرده دسته‌‌بندی شد و برخی خصوصیات، مزایا و معایب آن‌‌ بررسی گردید. سیستم‌‌های ذخیره‌سازی انرژی هوای فشرده از نظر استفاده از حرارت به سه دسته معمولی، آدیاباتیک (بی‌دررو) و ایزوترمال (هم‌‌دما) تقسیم می‌شوند. همچنین می‌توان این سیستم‌ها را از نظر ظرفیت آن‌ها به سه دسته کوچک، متوسط و بزرگ‌مقیاس تقسیم کرد. در‌این‌بین، سیستم‌‌های کوچک‌مقیاس ‌‌به‌‌دلیل مزیت‌‌های فنی و اقتصادی، مانند کنترل بهتر اتلاف حرارت و کاهش هزینه‌‌های سرمایه‌‌ای و تعمیر و نگه‌‌داری، مورد‌توجه بیش‌‌تری قرار گرفته است. همچنین به‌منظور تحلیل انرژی سیستم، یک سیستم ذخیره‌سازی انرژی هوای فشرده دیاباتیک، مدل‌سازی و شبیه‌سازی نرم‌افزاری شد و مورد بررسی قرار گرفت.

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