مواد پیزوالکتریک و کاربردهای متنوع آنها

نوع مقاله: مقاله علمی ترویجی

نویسنده

دانشجوی دکتری ریاضی فیزیک با تخصص علوم شبیه‌سازی ریاضی دانـشـکدة فـیـزیـک تـکنیـکـال آکادمی علوم جمهوری تاجیکستان

چکیده

در این مقاله مواد پیزوالکتریک و کاربردهای متنوع آنها در صنایع معرفی شده است. برای این منظور، نخست تاریخچة مختصری از پیدایش مواد پیزوالکتریک و تحولات آن طی جنگ‌های جهانی اول و دوم مطرح می‌شود. سپس نمونه‌های متنوعی از مواد پیزوالکتریک، اعم از مواد طبیعی و ترکیبی معرفی و کاربردهای هر یک به اجمال تشریح می‌شود. در ادامه، حسگرها، مبدل‌ها[i] و عملگرهای پیزوالکتریک[ii] معرفی و کاربردهای آنها در صنایع گوناگون تبیین می‌شود. در پایان، افق‌های فراروی این دسته از مواد پرکاربرد در دنیای فناورمحور امروز تشریح و فرصت‌های استفاده از این مواد به اجمال تشریح می‌گردد.



[i]. transducers


[ii]. piezoelectric actuators

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